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MANDARIN

Biltar Tarım performs mandarin cultivation on a land of 441 decares. Biltar Tarım İşletmeleri, with its average annual mandarin cultivation capacity of 543,686 kg, enhances the products’ market value through ensuring efficient conditions in production.

The Çukurova region is especially recommended for mandarin cultivation with its suitable climate. Within this scope, mandarin cultivation activities especially in the Adana Ceyhan region expands Biltar’s production network, including its export capacity. Owning 22,643 mandarin trees, Biltar strives to improve itself in citrus cultivation and keeps track of the latest technologies in a continuous manner.

Tangerine trees are smaller in size compared to orange trees and are seen in two types, as thorny and thornless. Mandarin trees are evergreen with dark green, pointy, blade or oval, leathery leaves and have aromatic white flowers forming clusters. Mandarin fruit is much smaller and oblate compared to oranges, and its dark green color turns to yellow, orange or reddish orange as it ripens. Differing from the other citrus fruits, tangerine has a loose peel that can be easily peeled, encasing juicy little slices inside. Tangerine, one of the most favorite autumn and winter fruits, is known as a rich source of Vitamin C. However, it cannot be stored as long as oranges, lemons or grapefruits. This is due to the fact that its thin and porous peel results in more easy loss of water compared to the other citrus fruits.

Tangerine peel features sacs on its outer surface, which are full of volatile oil. This is the source of the pleasant aroma resulting from the squashing of tangerine peels. This oil extracted out tangerine peels is called tangerine essence. It is used as an aromatic substance in sugar and liquor industries.

Benefits of Tangerines;
...are as follows:
  • Cleans the blood;
  • Protects against cardiovascular diseases;
  • Helps decrease cholesterol and high blood pressure;
  • Said to be beneficial in the curing of atherosclerosis and stroke;
  • Has soothing effects;
  • 1 or 2 tangerines after dinner helps people suffering sleeping difficulties;
  • Strengthens the immune system;
  • Cures flu.

Mandarin Cultivation in Turkey
Although mandarin production figures have not showed a significant growth in Turkey between 2004-2009 based on the agricultural fields utilized, the production amounts have increased by approximately 26%.

The table below exhibits mandarin cultivation areas and production amounts in Turkey by years.

Year Cultivation Area (Ha) Production Amount (Ton)
2004 30.300 670.000
2005 30.800 715.000
2006 31.520 791.255
2007 31.700 744.339
2008 30.782 756.473
2009 30.770 846.390

79% of the mandarin production in Turkey is realized in the Mediterranean region, whereas 16,5% is in the Aegean region, 4% in the Marmara region and 0.5% in the Black Sea region. In 2009, mandarin exports, totaling to 369,141 tons, ranked second after lemon exports within the total citrus export figure of 1,184,608 tons. The mandarin group makes up 31.2½ of the total citrus exports. The Russian Federation, Ukraine, Iraq, Romania and Saudi Arabia are among the countries where mandarins are exported.